Dec 06

Space Rocket History #235 – Apollo 12 – Introduction

At NASA Headquarters, George Mueller and other planners created a far-reaching plan that Administrator Paine made even more ambitious in adapting it for Nixon’s Space Task Group. The task group’s timetable called for a twelve-man space station and a reusable space shuttle as early as 1975. By 1980, the station would have grown into a fifty-man space base; five years later there would be a hundred men in orbit. Meanwhile, there would be a base in lunar orbit by 1976, with a base on the lunar surface two years later. Then, as early as 1981, the first manned expedition to Mars would depart from earth orbit.

Apollo 12 Insignia

Crew of Apollo 12. Conrad, Gordon & Bean

Surveyor 3 on the Moon

Nov 29

Space Rocket History #234 – Soyuz 6, 7, and 8 – Part 2 -The Vulcan Device

The Vulcan device consisted of two major units. The first unit included various welding devices and a turn-table with samples of metals to be welded. The second unit consisted of an electric power pack, a protective shield which covered the welding unit, and a remote control console.

The crew of Soyuz 8

Launch of Soyuz 8

The Vulcan device

Nov 22

Space Rocket History #233 – Soyuz 6, 7, and 8 with Shonin, Kubasov, Filipchenko, Volkov, Gorbatko, Shatalov, Yeliseyev – Part 1

Finally, on April 25, 1969 during a meeting of the Soyuz State Commission, it was decided that the solo and docking flights outlined for 1969 by design bureau OKB-1 would be combined into a joint flight of three spacecraft.  The plan was to fly Soyuz 6, 7, and 8 together in August of 1969; Soyuz 7 and 8 would dock and 6 would rendezvous with the docked pair and take pictures of it as well as perform a welding experiment.

Georgy Stepanovich Shonin, Commander of Soyuz 6

Valeri Nikolayevich Kubasov, Flight Engineer for Soyuz 6

Crew of Soyuz 7

Nov 15

Space Rocket History #232 – Apollo 11 – Final Duties & World Reaction Part 2

The round-the-world tour began on September 29th and lasted until November 5th covering 28 cities in 25 countries in 38 days. The astronauts’ wives were allowed to go along on the trip, as well as a large staff.

Apollo 11 crew in Mexico City

Apollo 11 crew meet Pope Paul VI

Apollo 11 crew meet the Queen

Nov 08

Space Rocket History #231 – Apollo 11 – Final Duties & World Reaction Part 1

On August 10th, 1969 quarantine officially ended for the Apollo 11 crew, but that did not end the duties required for a flight of such magnitude. On August 12th, the Astronauts conducted a post flight press conference. They were greeted with a standing ovation from members of the media.

Post flight press conference

New York welcomes Apollo 11 crew

Chicago welcomes Apollo 11 crew

Nov 01

Space Rocket History #230 – Apollo 11 – Recovery, Nixon, & Quarantine

The helicopter door slid open and Armstrong, Aldrin, and Collins stepped out of the helicopter onto the lower deck of the carrier Hornet to the accompaniment of a brass band. They appeared to many, like men from another world. They were outfitted from head to toe in gray-colored Biological Isolation Garments.

Mission Control Celebrates  Success of Apollo 11

Astronauts arrive on the USS Hornet

President Nixon welcomes the astronauts home

Oct 25

Space Rocket History #229 – Apollo 11 – Re-entry & Splashdown

At launch, Apollo 11 weighed 6,000,000 pounds, now all that was left of Columbia weighed in at a mere 11,000 pounds.

Apollo 11 Entry Corridor

Apollo 11 splashdown

President Nixon observing recovery from the Hornet

Oct 18

Space Rocket History #228 – Apollo 11 – The Return

The next critical event in the Apollo 11 mission was the Trans-Earth Injection burn. The burn involved firing the big service propulsion engine for two and a half minutes on the back side of the moon.

Apollo 11 heading for home

Apollo 11 leaving the Moon

Apollo 11 returning to Earth